Rent Control

Rent Control


Rent control applies to residential buildings constructed before February 1, 1947 in municipalities that have not declared an end to the postwar rental housing emergency. There are several municipalities that still have rent control in effect. These include New York City, Nassau, and Westchester counties. In New York City, rent control tenants are generally in buildings built before February 1, 1947, where the tenant is in continuous occupancy prior to July 1, 1971.


Under rent control law, tenants are not obligated to sign renewal leases, as these tenancies are statutory. Rent increases are limited, and services and evictions are regulated.


For a detailed explanation of rent control and rent stabilization, see the Fact Sheet section. For information on how rent reduction orders affect Maximum Base Rent increases, see the Policy Statements section. For an application to challenge a Maximum Base Rent order, see the Forms section. 


For more information on rent stabilization and the Emergency Tenant Protection Act, visit our Rent Stabilization and Emergency Tenant Protection Act (ETPA) page.


Rent Stabilization And Emergency Tenant Protection Act

Rent Control Rent Increases

In New York City, rent controlled apartments operate under the Maximum Base Rent (MBR) system. Under this system, the Division of Housing and Community Renewal (DHCR) determines a maximum base rent and a maximum collectible rent for each individual apartment. Adjustments to the maximum base rent are made every two years to reflect changes in operating costs.


Tenants can challenge adjustments to their maximum base rent on the grounds that the building has violations or that the owner’s expenses do not warrant an increase.


Outside of New York City, DHCR determines the maximum allowable rates of rent increases under rent control, subject to the limitations of annual rent guidelines board increases. Owners may apply for these increases periodically.


For more information on the Maximum Base Rent Program, see Fact Sheet #22.


For more information on rent control rent increases outside of New York City, see form R-33.8.

Fact Sheets


    Fact Sheet #1: Rent Stabilization and Rent Control

    This Fact Sheet contains information on the requirements that generally must be met for a building to be considered rent stabilized, or for an apartment to be considered rent controlled. It also contains general information on rent increases, rent overcharges, rent reductions for decreases in services, harassment, and rent registration.





    2020-21 Maximum Base Rent (MBR) Application

    Owners must file an MBR Application and receive an MBR Order of Eligibility from DHCR, in order to make adjustments to a rent controlled apartment's MBR and MCR. All owners are strongly encouraged to file MBR applications online through the Owner Rent Regulation Application (ORRA) system. Owners of buildings with no violations on record with the New York City Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD) are required to file an MBR Application online. To log in to ORRA, visit our Owner Rent Regulation Applications page.




    2020-21 Maximum Base Rent (MBR) Binder

    A signed and completed copy of a notice and its appropriate attachment(s), if any, must be served on the tenant of the subject apartment. Detailed instructions on when and how to use the notices and attachments are included within each form. Owners must file the MBR Master Building Rent Schedule and if appropriate, Attachment RMBR-ATT, with DHCR within 60 days of the issuance of an MBR Order of Eligibility. 



Policy Statements